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Politics & Prophecy: A Lawyer’s View of the End Times
Appendices

by Gerald R. Thompson

Appendix B

COMPARISON CHART OF PROPHETIC VIEWS
The Nature of the Kingdom of God on Earth – Its Significance

DISPENSATIONALISMHISTORIC PREMILLENNIALISMPOSTMILLENNIALISMAMILLENNIALISM
Historic divine covenants are:
Mutual (agreement btw. God and men)
Limited duration (some have ended) – revocable
Different (discrete) parties
Binding on descendants until revoked
Historic divine covenants are:
Mutual (agreement btw. God and men)
Perpetual duration (none ended) – irrevocable
Different (overlapping) parties
Binding on descendants forever
Historic divine covenants are:
Unilateral (dictated by God to men)
Perpetual duration (none ended) – irrevocable
Same parties, i.e., the elect
Binding on the elect, not descendants
Historic divine covenants are:
Unilateral (dictated by God to men)
Perpetual duration (none ended) – irrevocable
Same parties, i.e., the elect
Binding on the elect, not descendants
The Church age is a parenthetical (unplanned) aside in God’s plan of historyThe Church age is the initial phase of Christ’s kingdomThe Church age is when Christ’s kingdom will gradually increase and dominateThe Church age is the final kingdom era of Christ
Christ’s spiritual and political dominance are both deferred until the future millennium (entirely ‘not yet’)Christ has spiritual dominance in the Church age. Political dominance is deferred until millennium. Spiritual is ‘here,’ political is ‘not yet’Christ has both spiritual and political dominance in Church age – the spiritual is ‘here,’ the political is ‘not yet’ – saints must bring the political into beingChrist has spiritual dominance in the Church age (‘here’). Political dominance is deferred until eternity (‘not yet’)
The Church will escape the Antichrist kingdom.The Church will suffer the Antichrist kingdom.The Church will conquer the Antichrist kingdom.The Church will suffer the Antichrist kingdom.
Millennium is a future earthly kingdom of Christ for 1,000 literal years inaugurated by the 2nd comingMillennium is a future earthly kingdom of Christ for 1,000 literal years inaugurated by the 2nd coming‘Millennium’ is already here (Church age) – an earthly kingdom of Christ of indefinite duration will be introduced by conversion of Jews‘Millennium’ as such will never exist. Christ never will have an earthly kingdom in history – His kingdom has already fully come
Past and present saints will rule the world politically via a Davidic (Jewish) kingdom (the Golden Age)Past and present saints will rule the world politically via a non-Jewish (worldwide) kingdom (the Golden Age)Present saints will rule the world politically via the nations (the Golden Age) and usher in the 2nd comingPast saints in heaven exercise a present spiritual reign. The Golden Age is in eternity, not history.
Satan is physically bound by God during millennium. Saints will experience literal (material) blessings.Satan is physically bound by God during millennium. Saints will experience literal (material) blessings.Satan is spiritually bound by saints in the present age. Saints will experience literal (material) blessings.Satan is spiritually bound by God in the present age. Saints will experience only spiritual blessings.
Culture and morality will decline prior to 2nd comingCulture and morality will decline prior to 2nd comingCulture and morality will progress (improve) prior to 2nd comingCulture and morality will decline prior to 2nd coming
The Church and Israel are separate and distinct now. God’s future plans for Israel are also distinct (political and spiritual)The Church and Israel are separate and distinct now. God’s future plans for them are the same except for land restorationThe Church has become the Israel of God. God’s future plans for them are one and the same.The Church has become the Israel of God. God’s future plans for them are one and the same.

COMPARISON CHART OF PROPHETIC VIEWS
The Nature of the Kingdom of God on Earth – Timing and Sequence

DISPENSATIONALISMHISTORIC PREMILLENNIALISMPOSTMILLENNIALISMAMILLENNIALISM
Daniel’s 70 weeks has a gap/parenthesis – 69 weeks have passed, the 70th week is yet futureDaniel’s 70 weeks are linear 490 years or 490 days in the past and/or the futureDaniel’s 70 weeks are linear 490 years in the past, and have no future implicationsDaniel’s 70 weeks are linear 490 years in the past, and have no future implications
The Rapture of the Church is imminentThe Tribulation period is near at handThe 2nd coming is far offThe Tribulation is far off
At ‘secret’ Rapture, the dead in Christ will rise, and living saints will be transformed. The saints will meet Christ in the air and immediately be taken into heavenThe First Resurrection (when the dead in Christ will rise and living saints will be transformed) will occur after the Tribulation. Saints will meet Christ in the air and return to earthThe First Resurrection is spiritual
only and refers to personal regeneration in Christ (a ‘new creation’). There will be no Rapture. Saints stay here on earth at all times.
The First Resurrection is spiritual
only and refers to personal regeneration in Christ (a ‘new creation’). There will be no Rapture. Saints stay here on earth at all times.
The Tribulation period of 7 years immediately follows the Rapture.The Tribulation period of 3┬╜-7 years begins the end times and is yet future.The Tribulation period is past, occurring about 70 A.D. for 3┬╜ years (the destruction of Jerusalem)The Tribulation period will occur in the indefinite future, following the Church age
2nd coming follows the Tribulation2nd coming follows the Tribulation, coincident with the First Resurrection2nd coming will follow Christ’s earthly kingdom, coincident with the Second Resurrection2nd coming will follow the Tribulation and coincide with Second Resurrection
Millennium is literal 1,000 yearsMillennium is literal 1,000 yearsMillennium is present age of indefinite duration.There is no millennium.’
Jews (not the Church) will be regathered and restored to their landJews (not the Church) will be regathered and restored to their landThe Promised Land is no longer promised to the Jews, nor is it important geographicallyThe Promised Land is no longer promised to the Jews, nor is it important geographically
The Jerusalem temple will be rebuilt and the old sacrificial order restoredThe Jerusalem temple will be rebuilt, and Feast of Tabernacles (not sacrifices) will be restoredJerusalem temple will never be physically rebuilt, and no part of ceremonial law will be restoredJerusalem temple will never be rebuilt, and no part of the O.T. ceremonial law will be restored
Jewish people will be saved in millennium. All Gentiles in millennium will be saved.Jewish people will be saved in millennium, but not all Gentiles in millennium will be savedAll Jewish people will be saved in Church age. Not all Gentiles will be savedAll Jewish people will be saved in Church age. Not all Gentiles will be saved
Gentile nations will serve Israel in millennium, with Jerusalem as Christ’s world HQJews & Gentile nations will be equal in the millennium, though Christ’s HQ will be JerusalemJews and Gentiles are equal now and forever – No world HQJews and Gentiles are equal now and forever – No world HQ
The Second Resurrection of the wicked dead follows the millennium. It is followed by the Great White Throne judgment, and then eternityThe Second Resurrection of the dead
(saved and wicked) follows the millennium, followed by the Great White Throne judgment, and then eternity
The Second Resurrection is physical, for both saved and wicked, coincident with 2nd coming, followed by judgment and then eternityThe Second Resurrection is physical, for both saved and wicked, coincident with 2nd coming, followed by judgment and then eternity

Previous:   Appendix A – Prophecy Chart
Next: Appendix C – Timeline of the End Times